Volume LTL and Partial TL are modes used by shippers looking for faster transit times, less handling and lower costs.
These modes are used when the freight is less than a full truckload, but exceed LTL limitations.
The exact amount of freight needed for a partial TL or volume LTL shipment depends on the weight, linear feet, and service requirements.
Main Differences Between Volume LTL & Partial TL
Volume LTL (Less-Than-Truckload)
- Large shipments that do not require a full truck trailer and that are typically 6 or more pallets, weigh over 5,000 pounds, or occupy more than 12 linear feet in a trailer can be considered volume LTL.
- Quotes are obtained from an LTL carrier and are based on a carrier’s published LTL rates.
- Rates are based on equipment and availability at the time of the move.
- Require a freight class.
- Shipments are only covered at $1/lb. claims liability by the carrier.
Partial TL (Truckload)
- Shipments that are larger than LTL but less than a full truck trailer are considered partial truckload.
- Shipments usually range from 8 to 18 pallets, 8,000 to 27,500 pounds, and occupy more than 12 feet of linear space in a trailer.
- Do not require a freight class.
- Rates are established by the market and are determined by mileage, specific lane, weight and space required.
- Carriers usually do not stop at hubs or terminals, leading to a higher percentage of on-time deliveries, less handling of freight and less damage.
- Typically offer freight insurance, which is often greater than the freight liability LTL carriers offer.